This is a question that has been asked by many, many people. The answer is not as simple as it may seem. But there are ways to tell if your Shiba Inu (or any other breed) is purebred.
What is a Purebred Dog?
A purebred dog is one that has been carefully bred over many years, usually with the aim of improving its appearance to some extent. However, this does not necessarily mean that there will be no differences between parents and offspring. The breed standard describes the ultimate look that the breed should have and defines acceptable deviations from this look as well as any characteristics that may be considered faults.
Ask The Breeder
The easiest way is to visit the parents, most reputable breeders would allow you to see at least the mom, sometimes the dad is a stud and not really around but you can inquire about his info as well. If they seem hesitant to let you meet the mom in person it should be a red flag.
But you can’t tell for sure without a DNA test. Puppy mill and backyard breeding means that even purebred shibas aren’t necessarily true to type these days. There is variation in size, face shape, and coat texture. There shouldn’t be, because the Shiba Inu is an ancient breed that hasn’t changed much for thousand years, but poor breeding means that, unfortunately, there is variations.
To verify breeding purity you must have the DNA of at least one parent, this is because that’s the best way to know what the dog truly is from, and if there is a genetic problem then it can be passed on to you without your even knowing.
First, you need to get a DNA sample from the pet and have it tested. Unfortunately, there isn’t a breeder who can test your shiba inu for you; but one of the major kennel clubs (for that breed) may be able to help you.
Looking at The Size of The Dog
Shiba Inus are the smallest native Japanese dog breed, weighing approximately 23 pounds in males and 17 pounds in females. They range in height from 13.5 to 16.5 inches.
The body is compact, feet are catlike, head is small and triangular with a slightly curved forehead. They have thick coats that have a double coat of fur.
Look at The Tail
The Shiba Inu’s tail is often curly, but it may also be straight like a sickle. All tails curl towards the back, but the sickle tail is less curled.
The tail is a dense brush of hair that curls upwards. The coat is long and dense.
Shiba Inu Eyes
In order to know what color a Shiba Inu’s eyes should be, we look to the AKC standard.
They say that the a purebred Shiba Inus eyes should be dark brown with black rims and
almond shaped, somewhat triangular looking.
Do not buy from these places:
Pet stores: These are high-kill rates for animals that don’t work out. There is no reason to support these businesses.
Puppy Mills: This is when the dogs are bred in cages for the sole purpose of profit making. They are kept in conditions that make them very sick and/or scared, and die young often.
Animal Control: Due do resources and staff they do not focus on the adoptions but rather the euthanization.
Check the kennel clubs records
The Kennel Club promotes responsible dog ownership, working to improve the health and welfare of dogs. One way in which they do this is by maintaining a database of information about individual dogs, called the Kennel Club Records.
This service is available to anyone who has purchased a dog from a Kennel Club registered breeder. You will need to provide the name and address of the breeder, along with your own personal details. The kennel club will then send you a certificate with details about your dog’s birth, vaccinations, micro-chipping and veterinary treatment.
How to Test Your Dogs DNA?
If you want to see what your dog has inherited from his genetics, then test him. This will cost about $30 from your vet, however it is a good idea to do this as soon as possible, because it can take up to 3 months to get the results.
There are many different tests available online that can be used to examine your dogs genetic makeup. They range in price from around $30 for a simple saliva test up to around $120 for a full DNA profile of your dog. The reason to invest this amount is the results can vary enormously, and some breeders will be very reluctant to release your dog’s DNA profile, if they think it may not be what you want.
Some tests are tailored for certain breeds or closely held lines, for example the DNA range test. The main goal of this test is to identify genetic weaknesses in your dog’s coat quality or its ability to tolerate cold weather.
Dog DNA Testing
There are two primary ways to test for dog DNA: cheek swabs and hair follicles. The cheek swab is plucked from the inside of the canine’s mouth and rubbed on a cotton swab. The other method is to cut a hair sample from the top of the canine’s head and place it into a small tube.
There are two results that you will receive once you have sent in your dog’s sample: the results of your dog’s DNA profile, and a map of his ancestry. The DNA profile will show you information regarding breed purity, dominant traits, recessive negatives, and any genetic weaknesses. As well as the information listed above, this report will give you a digest of your dog’s pedigrees history.
A DNA map is a visual representation of your dogs ancestry. The map will show you whether he is genetically predisposed to having certain traits or health problems. This map is then compared to standard charts and charts from other dogs whose DNA has been tested, allowing for a better understanding of how similar your dog is to other dogs in the same breed.
A dog DNA test can cost anywhere from $69 to $699. This largely depends on the level of detail you want in your report. If you just want a basic overview, then the cheapest option is ideal for you. If you are looking for specific information about your dog’s health, then the more expensive option may be right for you.
What is the difference between a crossbred and a mixed-breed?
Crossbred or mixed-breed dogs are quite different in appearance than their purebred counterparts, but they can make for excellent pets. Some of the advantages of adopting a crossbred or mixed-breed Shiba Inu are that these dogs often have more outgoing personalities than purebreds. They also usually get along with children and other animals more easily.
A crossbred dog is one that has been bred from two different purebred dogs. There are a lot of crossbred dogs that are popular today, but they often have a lot of negative traits. A crossbred dog can be larger or smaller than its purebred parent. Parents may have been chosen simply because they were available, and not because they were the best breeding stock. Often times, these dogs will have health issues such as hip dysplasia, deafness and other genetic diseases.
A mixbred dogs is one that comes from a random breeding, maybe the parents where also mixbred. This is what most people call a mutt or mixed-breed. Some people prefer this type of dog because they are more likely to find one that actually has the characteristics that they want. Behavior is very important when it comes to mixing breed dogs, as well as the physical characteristics.
What are designer dogs?
Designer dogs are not a new phenomenon, but their popularity is growing. The term refers to mixed-breed or cross-bred dogs that are deliberately bred with the intention of creating a desired appearance. Designers choose lines that will produce dogs with a particular look, or background in their breeding program. Some designers choose breeds for their looks while others are specifically looking for a specific personality. There are some designer dog lines that are more popular than others. Designer dogs are usually expensive and demand high attention from their owners.
What are mutts?
There are a variety of dog breeds, from the tiny Chihuahua to the enormous Saint Bernard. But some breeds have been mixed with other breeds to create what’s known as a “mutt”. Mutts are mixtures of different breeds and are considered to be desirable, as they can usually combine characteristics of both parent breeds.
The American Kennel Club
The American Kennel Club or AKC for short has been around since 1884 and is the largest kennel club in the world. Today, there are over 2 million registered purebred dogs with the AKC.
National Shiba Club of America
The National Shiba Club of America is a non-profit organization dedicated to the preservation and advancement of the breed, with a primary goal to educate those interested in the breed. An example of the positive effect that the organization has had is revealed by the fact that AKC membership numbers have risen from 200,000 members to over 500,000 members today.
The Shiba Inu Club of America comprises of dog enthusiasts who share the common love for this breed and works alongside AKC in an effort to protect and promote the breed. Today, there are over 25,000 registered Shiba Inu in America.
They offer their members the opportunity to participate in local and international events, as well as access to educational materials on the history, genetic background, training tips and health related issues.
Although the Shiba Inu was first recognized in 1936 by the UKC, it was not until 1969 that they were also recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The AKC describes shibas as “intelligent, agile and alert” dogs.
For some owners, owning a purebred animal is very important because they feel an emotional attachment to it. The problem is that they can be expensive and will often cost in the thousands of dollars.
Shiba Inu Show Standards
Shiba’s are beautiful dogs and it is not surprising that they are a very popular show breed. If you are interested in what standards this type of dog must meet in order to qualify for a competition, this article should give you a basic overview of the requirements and things that are penalized.
The preferred size for males is 15 inches at withers, but everything from 14½ inches to 16½ inches is permitted, everything outside of that would result in a disqualification. Weight at that size should be approximately 23 pounds. For females, preferred size is 14 inches, with a tolerance of inch and a half in either direction, weight that fits that size is 17 pounds. If the dog is missing more than 5 teeth it will be penalized, and if it has an undershot or overshot bite it will be disqualified.
Shibas have a double coat – soft and thick undercoat with straight and stiff overcoat. Legs face and ears are covered in even, short fur. Hair at withers is approximately 1.5 to 2 inches long. Coat trimming is severely penalized, as are long or wooly coats.
Three coat colors are acceptable – red, black with tan points, and sesame – red base and hair with black tips. The undercoat should be grey, buff or cream. All of these types of coat should have urajiro (literal translation “underside white” refers to cream or white ventral coloring) in the following areas: on the cheeks, underjaw, on both sides of the muzzle, in the ears, abdomen, upper throat, and around the vent and lower side of the tail. Red colored Shibas usually have urajiro on the throat, chest and forechest, while black sesame colored dogs usually have a triangular mark on either side of the chest. Dogs are not penalized if they have white spots above the eyes, but neither are the spots required. In red dogs, clear color is preferred, but black hair tips are tolerated on the back and tail. Black dogs with tan points have these two colors precisely separated. Their undercoat is gray, and tan points are distributed in the following places: on the sides of the muzzle, in spots over the eyes, on the outer side of forelegs and hind legs, they can also be found inside the ears. Sesame colored dogs have light tipping. Red remains the dominant color. Sides of the muzzle are red, as well as eye spots and lower legs. White markings on the tail and feet are not required, but neither are they penalized. If markings of any other color, such as white pinto or cream are noticed the dog is penalized.
Keeping Shiba Inus for show is a demanding occupation and one must invest a lot of work, effort and commitment, but the rewards are well worth it. The satisfaction and pride that comes with raising and training a champion specimen are a more than adequate compensation for your troubles.